On the Biology of Memphis pithyusa morena (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in Trinidad, West Indies

Matthew J.W. Cock, Charles de Gannes


De Gannes (2011) reported  an unusual  outbreak of Memphis pithyusa (R. Felder) (Nymphalidae), the southern blue leaf shoemaker butterfly (Barcant 1970), at Point Gourde in August 2010. Examination of further material shows that the Trinidad population belongs to subspecies Memphis pithyusa morena (Hall), described from French Guiana and reported from the Amazon north to Mexico (Comstock 1961). De Gannes (2011) found the food plant at Point Gourde to be Croton niveus (Euphorbiaceae) and reared out many specimens.

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