Donkey’s Eyes, Junonia spp. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae), in Trinidad and Tobago

Matthew J.W. Cock


There are two common species of Junonia in Trinidad and Tobago, which have been confused together under the local name ‘donkey’s eye’: J. zonalis C. Felder and R. Felder and J. genoveva genoveva (Cramer). There is also a local, mangrove-feeding species, J. litoralis Brévignon, found in Trinidad but not reported from Tobago. Characters are presented to facilitate identification of adults in the field and from images.


Junonia zonalis; Junonia genoveva; Junonia litoralis; Ruellia tuberosa; Avicennia germinans

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