Tents and Harems: Alteration of Leaves by Foliage-Roosting Bats

Thomas H. Kunz, Gary F. McCracken


When one thinks of "tents and harems," what often comes to mind is the Arabian desert and the harems that have for centuries been kept by wealthy sultans. Instead, this article is about bats, those which live beneath leaves that they modify and use as shelters. In Trinidad, and elsewhere throughout the New World tropics, several species of fruit-eating bats modify leaves of vines, epiphytes, and palms for their use as so-called "tents".

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