Seasonal Variation in Gull Populations along Trinidad’s West Coast, Trinidad and Tobago


  • Floyd E. Hayes 1. Department of Life Sciences, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago and 2. Department of Biology, Pacific Union College, Angwin, USA
  • Graham L. White Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club
  • Martyn Kenefick Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club
  • Howard Kilpatrick Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club
  • Nigel Lallsingh Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club


Gulls , Laridae , Laughing Gull, Larus atricilla


Seven species of gulls were recorded during a six-year study (1997-2003) of gull populations along the west coast of Trinidad. An estimated 4000-5000 Laughing Gulls (Larus atricilla ) wintered annually in western Trinidad, with the population peaking in February and less than 10% remaining during the northern summer. Up to 13 Lesser Black-backed Gulls (L. fuscus graellsii) wintered in Trinidad, with a few lingering during summer. Very small numbers of the remaining species were recorded: Black-headed Gull (L. ridibundus), Franklinís Gull (L. pipixcan), Kelp Gull (L. dominicanus), Ring-billed Gull (L.delawarensis) and Sabineís Gull (Xema sabini). Trinidadís west coast provides crucial habitat for many waterbirds and is perhaps the most important locality in northern South America for wintering gulls, which are attracted by the fishing industry.





Research Papers